• AP Chemistry                                                John Theisen

    Grosse Pointe South High School                                  email:  theisej@gpschools.org

     

      

     
    SUPER Fun review game:   http://www2.stetson.edu/mahjongchem/
     
    Online Text resources: click here
     
    **"What does college X do with my scores" analysis:  click here
     
    The AP Test – particulars for 2019-2020
     

    The date of the AP test for Chemistry is Thursday, May 7, 2020.   Our Spring Break is from Monday, April 6 – Friday, April 10, 2020.  This means we must effectively cover the huge majority of the course material for the test before Spring Break.  When classes resume on Monday April 13, if we need to finish the new material we will; then we will then spend the remaining days reviewing for the test.  

     
    Because of the early test date, let it be understood that the course work will not completed upon taking the AP test itself.  We will most likely continue on with an Organic Chemistry "Boot Camp" for a while after the conclusion of the AP testing.

     


                                                                                                           

     

    This course is designed to emulate the rigor and content of a freshman level college chemistry course.

     

    Goals:  There are several goals for you in this course, namely:

    ·         prepare for the rigors of the AP Test and college chemistry

    ·         build study skills and self discipline

    ·         promote scientific literacy through content knowledge

    ·         increase lab proficiency and develop teamwork skills

    ·        succeed in a challenging course

     

    Expectations:  It is expected that you will

    ·         attend class on a regular basis in a timely fashion

    ·         promptly make up missed work independently when absent

    ·         prepare for class on a daily basis by keeping up with your assignments, notes, etc., and asking for help when necessary

    ·         take responsibility for your own learning
     
    Parents and students are encouraged to monitor their attendance using Parent Connect and Student Connect via http://gpschools.schoolwires.net/grades.   

     

    Assessment:  Grades are earned in the following ways

    ·         content knowledge and synthesis

    ·         quizzes and tests

    ·         Quality, correctness and completeness of written work

    ·         Analytical skills, comprehension and “professional” presentation demonstrated in lab work and reports

     

                     A weekly syllabus is made available online at the beginning of each week.  Reading selections and Homework question sets - often from the text book, but sometimes supplemented with AP questions from past years’ exams - are assigned from two to four times weekly.  The answers are discussed in class to monitor progress and understanding.  The question sets are collected and assessed for completeness and spot checked for correctness.  The material on the reading selections, class discussions, and homework problem sets are included on the chapter tests. In AP Chemistry quizzes come as needed and tests are administered at the end of each topic, usually about every two weeks.  When possible, there will be a practice AP question quiz taken directly from previous AP tests and checked according to the official AP rubric, to assist in familiarizing the student with the AP format and expectations for answers.             

     

                         In AP Chemistry, the tests count as four weights, the quizzes are usually ½  to 1 weight, and homework problem sets, lab reports or other written work typically counts as 1 weight.  The tests and quizzes are curved based on actual results, with all the sections of AP combined (highest score gets the A).  The lowest test grade in a card marking will be dropped.  If a test is missed for any reason and not made up in a satisfactory amount of time, it will be the dropped score.

     

     Test or Quiz Make-up Policy: As tests and quizzes are announced well in advance, it is expected if you are present on the class day before the test or quiz, the missed test or quiz will be taken on the next day you are present in school.

     

    AP Chemistry   Example of typical Quarter grade calculation

     

    Points possible

    grade

    Score recorded

    Score in calculation

    Test #1

    (four weights)

    100 (400)

    C (dropped)

    75

    300

    Test #2

    (four weights)

    100 (400)

    B

    85

    340

    Test #3

    (four weights)

    100 (400)

    B+

    88

    352

    Test #4

    (four weights)

    100 (400)

    A-

    91

    364

    hw #1 (one weights)

    96

    11

    88

    88

    hw #2 (one weights)

    96

    10

    80

    80

    hw #3 (one weights)

    96

    12

    96

    96

    hw #4 (one weights)

    96

    11

    88

    88

    Lab quiz

    96

    A-

    91

    91

    Lab report (one weight)

    96

    10

    80

    80

    Lab report (half weight)

    48

    5

    40

    40

     

    1824

     

     

    1619

     

    (1619/1824)*100% = 89%  B+


     

     
    Grading Scales used in AP Chemistry 2018 - 2019

    Test/Quiz grading scale

    Letter grade

    score recorded*

    A+

    100

    A

    95

    A-

    91

    B+

    88

    B

    85

    B-

    81

    C+

    78

    C

    75

    C-

    71

    D+

    68

    D

    65

    D-

    61

    E

    50

     

    *multiplied by the number of weights in determining quarter grade

     

    “one-weight” completion

    Score on assignment

    score recorded

    12

    96

    11

    88

    10

    80

    9

    72

    8

    64

    7

    56

    6

    48

    5

    40

    4

    32

    3

    24

    2

    16

    1

    8

    0

    0


    “half-weight” completion

    Score on assignment

    score recorded

    6

    48

    5

    40

    4

    32

    3

    24

    2

    16

    1

    8

    0

    0

     

     

     

     

    Return policy: All problem sets, labs and quizzes are returned to the students.  Tests are reviewed in class.

     

     

    Please Note: The textbook for AP Chemistry is used much more extensively than was the case in Honors Chemistry.
     
    Text: Chemistry 10th Edition, by Raymond Chang
     
    Semester content

     

    Semester One

    Topic 1: Thermochemistry (Text Chapter 6)

    • Energy Changes in Reactions
    • Enthalpy
    • Thermochemical Equations
    • Calorimetry
    • Heat of Formations
    • Hess’s Law
    • Heat of Solution
    • Bond Energies and Enthalpy
    • Hess’s Law

    Topic 2: Atomic structure and Quantum mechanics (Text Chapter 7)

    • Electromagnetic Radiation                                 
    • Quantum Theory                                               
    • The Bohr Model
    • Photoelectric Effect
    • Wave Mechanics
    • Quantum Numbers
    • Atomic Orbitals

     

    Topic 3: Periodicity (Text Chapter 8)

    • Electronic Configurations
    • Shielding Effect
    • Pauli exclusion principle
    • Diamagnetic and Paramagnetic
    • Periodic Table
    • Effective Nuclear
    • Periodic Trends
    • Chemical Properties
    • Reactions
    • Oxides

     

    Topic 4: Bonding (Text Chapters 9, 10)

    • Lewis Dot Symbols
    • Ionic Bonding
    • Born-Haber Cycle
    • Covalent Bonding
    • Polar Covalent Bonds
    • Lewis structures
    • Formal Charge  
    • Resonance Structures
    • Bond Energies
    • Molecular Geometry
    • Polarity
    • Valence Bond Theory
    • Hybridization 

     

    Topic 5: Intermolecular Forces, Liquids and Solids (Text Chapter 11)

    • Dipole Moments
    • Hybridization and multiple bonding
    • Solids, Liquids, and Gases
    • Intermolecular Forces
    • Properties of Liquids
    • Crystal Structure
    • Clausius-Clapeyron Equation
    • Crystal Structures
    • Types of crystals
    • Metallic Bonding
    • Making Dry Ice
    • Phase Changes
    • Heating and Cooling Curves

     

    Topic 6: Atomic Theory and Stoichiometric Relationships (Text Chapters 2,3)

    • Atomic Theory
    • Isotopes
    • Molecules and Ions
    • Nomenclature
    • Atomic & Molar Mass
    • Mass Spectrometer
    • Molar Mass
    • Empirical & Molecular Formulas
    • Stoichiometry
    • Reaction Yield
    • Limiting Reagents  

     

    Topic 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions (Text Chapter 4, some of chapter 12)

    • Types of Solutions
    • The solution process
    • Concentration Units
    • Gas Solubility
    • Molarity
    • Preparation of Solutions                                                                                                             
    • Properties of Aqueous Solutions
    • Precipitation Reactions
    • Acid-Base Neutralization Reactions
    • Oxidation Numbers
    • Oxidation number determination
    • Redox Reactions
    • Displacement Reactions
    • Disproportionation Redox Rx
    • Balancing Redox Reactions
    • Common lab techniques
    • Redox Titrations

     

    Topic 8: Gases (Text Chapter 5)

    • Kinetic Theory of Gases
    • Gas Laws
    • Dalton’s law
    • Maxwell Distribution Curves
    • Root-Mean –Square Speed
    • Deviation from Ideal Gas
    • Real Gases
    • van der Waals Equation

     

     

     

     

     

    Semester Two
     

    Topic 9: Kinetics (Text Chapter 13)

    • Kinetics
    • Rate Law
    • Concentration -Time Relationships
    • 1st and 2nd Order Reactions
    • Conc.-Time Relationship for 2nd Order Kinetics     
    • Zero Kinetics
    • Radioactive Decay
    • Activation Energy
    • Temperature and Rate
    • Reaction Mechanisms
    • Catalysis

    Topic 10: Equilibrium (Text Chapter 14)

    • Equilibrium
    • Kinetics and Equilibrium
    • Equilibrium Constants – Kc and Kp
    • Factors That Affect Equilibrium
    • Calculating Equilibrium Concentrations
    • Q-Test
    • LeChatelier’s Principle

     

    Topic 11: Acids and Bases (Text Chapter 15)

    • Bronsted Acids and Bases
    • Autoionization of Water
    • pH and pOH
    • Acid-Base Strengths
    • Weak Acids and Bases
    • KaKb = Kw         
    • Polyprotic acids
    • Structure and Acid Strength
    • Hydrolysis
    • Acid-Base Reactions
    • Acidic, Basic, and Amphoteric Oxides
    • Lewis Acids and Bases

     

    Topic 12: Acid / Base Equilibrium and Solubility (Text Chapter 16)

    • The Common Ion Effect
    • Buffers
    • Titration Curves
    • Indicators
    • Solubility Equilibria
    • Fractional Precipitation
    • pH and Solubility
    • Complex Ions
    • Qualitative Analysis

     

    Topic 13: Thermodynamics (Text Chapter 18)

    • Entropy
    • The Laws of Thermodynamics
    • Free Energy
    • Gibb’s Equation
    • Phase Changes
    • Free Energy and Equilibrium
    • Coupled Reactions
    • Thermodynamics of Living Systems

     

    Topic 14: Electrochemistry (Text Chapter 19)

    • Redox Reactions
    • Electrocheical Cells
    • Standard Reduction Potentials
    • Eocell
    • Spontaneity of Redox Reactions
    • Faradays
    • Relationships among ÄGo, K, and Eocell
    • Concentration and Eocell
    • Batteries
    • Fuel Cells
    • Electrolysis

     

    Topic 15: Organic Chemistry (Text Chapters 24, 25)

    • The bonding of Carbon
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Alkanes
    • Structural Isomers
    • Nomenclature   
    • Geometric Isomers
    • Optical Isomers
    • Alkenes
    • Reactions of alkenes
    • Alkynes
    • Aromatic Compounds
    • Functional Groups         
    • Alcohols
    • Ethers
    • Aldehydes and Ketones
    • Esters
    • Amines
    • Amino Acids
    • Polymers
    • Addition reactions                                             
    • Condensation Reactions